Ticks, like many mite species, are obligate blood-feeders, requiring a host animal forfood and development. Ticks have four stages in their life cycle: egg, the 6-legged larva (seed ticks), and 8-legged nymph and adult (male or female). Larvae and nymphs change to the next stage after digesting a blood meal by molting or shedding the cuticle. Most of the ticks mentioned in this handbook have a 3-host life cycle, whereas each of the three active stages feed on a different individual host animal, taking a single blood meal. Larvae feed to repletion on one animal, drop to the ground and molt to a nymph. The nymphs must fi nd and attach to another animal, engorge, drop to ground and molt to an adult. The adult tick feeds on a third animal. A replete or engorged (blood fi lled) female tick will produce a single large batch of eggs and then die. Depending upon the species of tick, egg mass deposited can range roughly from 1,000 to 18,000 eggs.

The blacklegged deer tick). Ixodes (pronounced x-zod-ease) scapularistransmits the causal agents of three diseases; Lyme disease, human babesiosis, and human granulocytic anaplasmosis (HGA).

                          Adult Female – Adult Male – Nymph – Larva                                                          Comparison to the Dog Tick




Ticks do not jump, fly or drop from trees, but grasp passing hosts from the leaf litter, tips of grass, etc. Most ticks are probably picked up on the lower legs and then crawl up the body seeking a place to feed. Adult ticks will, however, seek a host (i.e., deer) in the shrub layer several feet above the ground, about or above the height of children.


Tick management strategies for the control of Ixodes scapularis. Personal Protection> Tick-bite prevention, tick checks, and tick removal. Landscape Management:> Vegetative modifi cations to render the environment less suitable for tick survival and for tick hosts.Management of Host Abundance> Exclusion of hosts by fencing, host reduction, and host  reduction by management of the host habitat. Host-targeted Acaricides> Treatment of white-footed mice, chipmunks or deer through passive topical application devices.Area Application Acaricides Spraying chemical insecticides to control ticks. Biological & Natural Control> Use of fungal pathogens and plant extracts as biopesticides to control ticks.


  • ØWiden woodland trails.
  • ØTrim tree branches and shrubs around the lawn edge to let in more sunlight.
  • ØCreate a 3-foot or wider wood chip, mulch, or gravel border between lawn and woods or stonewalls.
  • ØConsider a least-toxic pesticide application as a targeted barrier treatment.

Our Plant Health Care Department offers two choices for tick and mosquito control to the homeowner, business establishment, municiple sites, school playgrounds, parks & recreation.  

  1. 1.Tempo SC UltraThis is a pyrethroid insecticide.
  2. 2.TickOrganic Tick Control

Tick Free Organic Tick Control dissolves the insect egg and larvae eliminating the next generation of arthropod while the cedar aroma creates a barrier of entry making the treated area off limits to flying or crawling pests.  Cedar oil is a natural essential oil that provides a pheromone interruption agent that impars the insects mental capacity (fries their brain).  When combined with ethyl lactate, a raspberry bio-solvent it becomes instrumental in triggering instant erosion and dehydration of the insect’s exoskeleton and subsequently, the egg and larvae.  Exposure to a water solution spiked with cedar oil and ethyl lactate will destroy the egg and larvae stage, breaking the egg layer cycle and eliminating the next generation of insects.

“A man can’t be too careful in the choice of his enemies.” -Oscar Wilde